Posts Tagged 'Intrepid'


Ailurus is a helpful add-on to Ubuntu, giving hints of the day and information on hardware, along with third-party repositories and applications that are not available in the official Ubuntu repositories – and many more options. It is a good bit different from Ubuntu Tweak. This has led me to have both of them on my computer.

When Ailurus first loads, it brings with it a tip of the day window (which can be disabled). The tips range from simple commands that can easily be typed in the terminal and do not need a whole lot of explanation, to those that require more knowledge of the command line. There is something there for everyone.

Some options that Ailurus includes are:

to install or remove applications that are not in the official repository;
to enable or disable some third-party repositories (some that are not included by Ubuntu Tweak);
to display information about BIOS, motherboard, CPU and battery;
to show or hide Computer, Home folder, Trash and Network icons on desktop;
to configure GNOME auto-start applications.

The easiest way to install Ailurus is from the PPA repository. You just need to open a terminal window (Applications > Accessories > Terminal). Then type in the following:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ailurus
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ailurus

If you are using a version of Ubuntu that does not have the command add-apt-repository, you can still install Ailurus. Type the following command into your terminal:

sudo apt-key adv –recv-keys –keyserver 9A6FE242

Then go to System > Administration > Software Sources > Other Software, click on Add and type in

deb hardy main

deb-src hardy main

(of course, you can replace hardy with intrepid, jaunty or karmic – whichever one you use.)

Side note – I have come to appreciate Lucid because of the ease of the command add-apt-repository (which works for PPA repositories, those at It pulls in the necessary signature keys as well as adding the correct repository for your version – all of this automatically.Technorati Tags: , , , , , , ,

Ubuntu Tweak 0.4.9 Has Been Released

Ubuntu Tweak 0.4.9 was released Saturday, September 12, 2009 after more than one month’s development.  The new version covers Karmic (still in development) as well as Hardy, Intrepid and Jaunty.

One thing the latest version of Ubuntu Tweak will do is to make your sources.list file more manageable.  By default, Ubuntu Tweak will save its third party sources into its own file under /etc/apt/sources.list.d/

When you open the Source Editor, Ubuntu Tweak will show you the main sources.list in the window.

You can also select the drop down menu to view or edit other list files. They are stored under /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ (If you don’t use Separated Sources, you can disable it in the Preferences Dialog:

A lot of PPAs (third party sources) have been added. These are aMule, Google Testing Repository, GmChess (Chinese Chess), Smplayer Testing, GIMP Testing, Back In Time (a backup tool), Geany, SpiceBird, Moblin Testing, PlayOnLinux, RedNotebook, Breathe Icon Theme, Qt, Mono, Exaile, Clutter, Ubuntu X Unstable, and Gloobus, as well as the themes Arc-Colors, Gnome-Colors and Shiki-Colors.

In addition, Ubuntu Tweak has added a notification in the notification area when you enable a source. In addition, once you click Refresh to update and the update is done, a window will come up showing you what new applications can be installed and what updates can be applied.

One more thing to note: from this version forward, Ubuntu Tweak will have different packages for i386 and amd64. You can download the correct package for this version at Tags: , , , ,

Ubuntu Sources List Generator

The Ubuntu Sources List Generator is a new way of generating sources to add to your /etc/apt/sources.list file, or add to System > Administration > Software Sources. You select your country, your release (Hardy, Intrepid, Jaunty or Karmic) and the repositories you wish to include. If you are using this to replace your sources.list file instead of cutting and pasting, you will want to make sure you include all of the Ubuntu branches you want – main, restricted, universe, multiverse, security and recommended updates – and I recommend the backports repository. If you are running a stable version of Ubuntu you may not want to include the proposed – pre-release updates because these are for testing and may cause some breakage.

Here is the home page for the Ubuntu Sources List Generator.

Here is the list I received after I put in my own preferences, including Medibuntu and the regular Google Linux repository.

Ubuntu Tweak has also been updated. The Third Party Sources section has been made more usable. (I don’t have any screenshots because this section has not yet been made available for Karmic, Ubuntu 9.10, which I am testing.

The number of PPA sources – the latest and greatest for the individual software packages – is increasing. Ubuntu Tweak includes many of the popular PPA sources. Until now, there has been a problem – what happens if one source depends on another, or conflicts with another?

In Ubuntu Tweak 0.4.8, these problems are taken care of. For example, if you want to use the latest version of Midori (a light-weight browser), Ubuntu Tweak will notify you that it depends on the WebKitGtk source. If you choose, you will be able to enable both WebKitGtk and Midori.

Another warning dialog will show if you try to use a source that conflicts with one that has already been enabled. For example, Skype and Medibuntu repositories both supply the Skype application. You won’t be allowed to enable both of them.

Ubuntu Tweak 0.4.8 also includes several new PPA sources:

Liferea (an RSS reader);

Gnome Colors (A set of themes and icons);

Ibus 1.2 (input method);

vlc 1.0 (a great media player);

Christine (a new media player);

Empathy (instant messenger);

smplayer (another media player based on Mplayer); and

VirtualBox OSE (Open source edition).

I can hardly wait for Ubuntu Tweak to be updated to work with Karmic! The version for Jaunty works with Karmic but does not allow access to the Jaunty repositories, understandably.

The new Karmic Alpha, Alpha 4, is due out on August 13. Here is where you can still get Karmic Alpha 3, if you should decide you want the latest and greatest and are willing to risk breakage. I have been pleasantly surprised at how well the third alpha has been working. That said, it is not advised for production machines.

Themes for Ubuntu

A couple of weeks ago, while I was in Salt Lake City helping out at the UMCOR (United Methodist Committee on Relief) depot that has just started up there, Ubuntu Geek ran a beautifully detailed article on the new repository of Zgegblog themes for Jaunty and Intrepid. I won’t quote much of the article, except to say how to get these themes into your sources.list and onto your computer.

First for the sources.list. This will require you to open up System > Administration > Software Sources, go to the Third-Party Software tag, click on add and add the line

deb jaunty main (or Intrepid if that is your version).

The following command will add the GPG key to let your computer know the repository is signed and safe for your use:

sudo apt-key adv –recv-keys –keyserver 1781bd45c4c3275a34bb6aec6e871c4a881574de

Then, once you update, you can type sudo aptitude install zgegblog-themes. (They can also be installed separately.)

Even though I am running Karmic, I installed these themes without a hitch. Here is my favorite of the group, Balanzan.

Karmic Koala also has a group of new themes, available right in the repository. These are based on the brave (blue), wine, noble (purple), wise (green), dust and human themes. There are wallpapers to go with them. Here is the shiki-brave theme with the arc-brave wallpaper:

To install these themes, type in your terminal or Alt+F2 window,

sudo aptitude install shiki-human-theme shiki-brave-theme shiki-noble-theme shiki-wine-theme shiki-dust-theme shiki-wise-theme arc-human arc-noble arc-wise arc-dust arc-wine arc-brave


Gjig – Gnome jig – is a useful gui command that lets you access apt, apt-cache, dpkg and more. It is a front-end that allows cleaning up of old files, removing, purging, upgrading and so on. In order to install it, you need to type in at the terminal,

sudo aptitude install wajig

as wajig is the command line body of the software. Gjig is included when you do this install.

Now, to run the command, you type Alt F2 again, and enter the line

gksudo gjig

gksudo instead of regular sudo because the command is for a GUI. The results look like this:

As you can see, this gives you access to many commands you can run without having to remember all the syntax.

Have a great weekend!

Update (June 23, 2013):  The last Ubuntu man page for gjig is in Lucid Lynx.  Wajig still exists, but I have not been able to find a GUI.

Ubuntu Tweak 0.4.5 Has Been Released

TualatriX, the developer behind Ubuntu Tweak, has just announced the release of version 0.4.5. This comes about almost two months after the last release. Several improvements have been added, as well as new features:

Clean up old config files

If you often install and remove applications, there are probably a lot of outdated config files lying around your system. Now, Ubuntu Tweak’s Cleaner has had a new feature added: Clean Config. This can save you needing to remember to use apt-get with the –purge option, or remembering to go into Synaptic Package Manager to remove these files. Please see the screenshot below – all you have to do is click on Clear Config, under Applications > Package Clear.

Change in Preferences – Check update

If you do not update automatically via the repository, Ubuntu Tweak has a feature that checks for updates automatically. It can now be turned off, to give the user the choice.

Default Launch lets you access your most used function quickly

Let’s say your most commonly used function in Ubuntu Tweak is Cleaner. So, every time you launch Ubuntu Tweak to clean the system, you need to go to Application, let it expand, and then click Cleaner. Now, by setting the Default Launch for your most commonly used function, you will access it immediately, bypassing the Welcome page and other pages in between.

Signatures for all PPA sources

Launchpad PPA sources are the majority of Ubuntu Tweak’s third party sources. Now, the repositories are finally signed with keys. When you enable a PPA source in Ubuntu Tweak, it will import the key at the same time, adding to your computer security.

Help with debugging

Even Ubuntu Tweak is not perfect, alas! Something could go wrong while you are running it. Now, Ubuntu Tweak has the ability to catch the error message. If you want to help debug, you can copy the error message and report it.

The release tells how to add the apt-key for Ubuntu Tweak, and gives links to the versions available. These versions are for Hardy (covering Gutsy and older) and Intrepid.

Personal note

I am temporarily using Intrepid since my attempt to install the Nvidia-glx-180 driver fragged my implementation of Jaunty. Ubuntu Tweak will most likely be ready for Jaunty shortly before the official release.

Appnr – Get Ubuntu Applications!

Appnr is a web-based service that installs Ubuntu applications – sort of a web-based apt-get. It is a site that Ubuntu newbies and not-so-newbies should know about. It lists out applications to install, each with an “install” button. The apps can be sorted either by popularity (the default) or by name.

The way I personally have used Appnr is to sort by popularity, and go over all of the applications of a certain type – let’s say games. This way, if I have forgotten to install a game that I like, it will be jumping out at me from the screen, just waiting for me to click on the “install” button. I have also found new applications that I have had the chance to try. The print on the screen is large enough for easy reading, and all of the applications are available. This last is unlike Ubuntu’s own Add-Remove, which only gives the most popular in each category.

The site advises adding the Medibuntu repository to your repository list when you start out. This is easily done through System > Administration > Software Sources > Third-Party Software, clicking on the “add” button and including the following line:

deb intrepid free non-free

of course, replacing Intrepid with another version-name if that is what you are using.

Appnr is broken down by categories such as Games, Multimedia, System Tools, etc.  It is a very well-organized system for getting new applications onto your computer.

Three Days to Launch of Intrepid

The latest edition of Ubuntu, 8.10 Intrepid Ibex, is three days away from its official launch.  If you have not already upgraded to the beta, now is a good time to do so.  All you need to do is type <alt>F2, type in “update-manager -d” without the quotes, make the changes, and click on the upgrade announcement at the top of the window when it appears.

I recommend upgrading now and doing a regular update on October 31.  My experience with trying to do a full upgrade when Hardy Heron first came out was that so many people were upgrading at once that the upgrades took forever and died in the middle.  If I can spare even one person what I went through, I will be happy.

Intrepid Ibex is not an LTS version like Hardy Heron was.  This means that it will only get the regular amount of support – 18 months.  Hardy Heron will be supported on desktops for three years and on servers for five.  (LTS means long-term support.)  Most likely, if you are not in a business which needs the predictability of the long-term versions, you will benefit from the new additions and improvements.

I wish you all the best with Intrepid.  May you enjoy it as much as I do!


August 2020

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